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Sometimes, even the simplest tasks can be forgotten if not practiced and repeated. In this short tutorial, I am going to show you some basic command line commands in Microsoft Windows, and their equivalent commands in Apple Mac OS Terminal. This is by no means a complete reference to the available commands, just a short list of some common commands available to you on your operating system. In this post, I will about Windows Command Line (CMD) and Mac OS Terminal Navigation Commands.
Knowledge of CMD/Terminal commands may be needed for using command line interfaces (CLI) of applications where Graphical User Interface is missing, or when CLI provides a faster/easier way to perform a task. Let’s see some of the commands
The CMD/Terminal window
To open the CMD window in Microsoft Windows you may follow several ways, one of them being choosing Run option from the start menu, typing “cmd” in run window, and clicking “enter”. This will open the CMD window in Microsoft Windows
- CMD window
Here you will see the version of the Operating System, and the path to the home folder. The white sign in the picture points your current location in the disk. Home folder is the usual starting point when you open CMD window.
In Mac OS you will usually find the Terminal in Other programs folder. When you open the terminal, you will see the name of the current folder. If you want to know the full path to the current folder, you can type pwd and see the full path.
List files and folders
If you want to list files and folders in that directory use:
Here you see the list of directories in my home folder
- Listing files in a directory with dir command in Windows CMD
Move to directory
If you want to change your current directory to another directory, use:
|cd “path to the folder”||cd “path to the folder”|
When you execute the command by pressing “enter” in your keyboard, if the path is correct, you will see that you current folder will change to the new path.
Get back to parent directory
If you want to go one directory up in the directory tree, execute:
and you will see your current directory will change to the parent directory. Please note that in windows two dots are connected to cd, and in MacOS there is a space between cd and dots.
Get to the root
Wherever you are in the directory tree, you can move to the root directory by executing:
This will get you to the disk root of the directory tree.
Create a directory
Creating a new directory is done using
|mkdir MyFolder||mkdir MyFolder|
Windows Terminal Mac Os
This will create directory MyFolder in your current directory.
Remove a directory
Removing a directory first requires the directory to be emptied from contents, and then be removed. Removal commands are:
|rmdir MyFolder||rm -r MyFolder|
Rename a directory
To rename a directory execute:
|rmdir||mv oldName newName|
Rename a file
To rename a file execute:
|ren oldFileName newFileName||mv oldFileName newFileName|
Delete a file
To delete a file exeute:
|del filename||rm -Rf filename|
Delete command does not ask for confirmation, so please be careful.
Check the Path
Some programs need to be added to the PATH in order to be accessible through command line interface. If you want to check your current path, you can execute the following command:
|echo %path%||echo “$PATH”|
This will print current path variable and you can check if required programs are added to the path.
I hope this helps.
These advanced steps are primarily for system administrators and others who are familiar with the command line. You don't need a bootable installer to upgrade macOS or reinstall macOS, but it can be useful when you want to install on multiple computers without downloading the installer each time.
Find the appropriate download link in the upgrade instructions for each macOS version:
macOS Catalina, macOS Mojave, ormacOS High Sierra
Installers for each of these macOS versions download directly to your Applications folder as an app named Install macOS Catalina, Install macOS Mojave, or Install macOS High Sierra. If the installer opens after downloading, quit it without continuing installation. Important: To get the correct installer, download from a Mac that is using macOS Sierra 10.12.5 or later, or El Capitan 10.11.6. Enterprise administrators, please download from Apple, not a locally hosted software-update server.
OS X El Capitan
El Capitan downloads as a disk image. On a Mac that is compatible with El Capitan, open the disk image and run the installer within, named InstallMacOSX.pkg. It installs an app named Install OS X El Capitan into your Applications folder. You will create the bootable installer from this app, not from the disk image or .pkg installer.
Use the 'createinstallmedia' command in Terminal
- Connect the USB flash drive or other volume that you're using for the bootable installer. Make sure that it has at least 12GB of available storage and is formatted as Mac OS Extended.
- Open Terminal, which is in the Utilities folder of your Applications folder.
- Type or paste one of the following commands in Terminal. These assume that the installer is still in your Applications folder, and MyVolume is the name of the USB flash drive or other volume you're using. If it has a different name, replace
MyVolumein these commands with the name of your volume.
- Press Return after typing the command.
- When prompted, type your administrator password and press Return again. Terminal doesn't show any characters as you type your password.
- When prompted, type
Yto confirm that you want to erase the volume, then press Return. Terminal shows the progress as the bootable installer is created.
- When Terminal says that it's done, the volume will have the same name as the installer you downloaded, such as Install macOS Catalina. You can now quit Terminal and eject the volume.
* If your Mac is using macOS Sierra or earlier, include the
--applicationpath argument, similar to the way this argument is used in the command for El Capitan.
Use the bootable installer
After creating the bootable installer, follow these steps to use it:
Download Terminal For Windows
- Plug the bootable installer into a compatible Mac.
- Use Startup Manager or Startup Disk preferences to select the bootable installer as the startup disk, then start up from it. Your Mac will start up to macOS Recovery.
Learn about selecting a startup disk, including what to do if your Mac doesn't start up from it.
- Choose your language, if prompted.
- A bootable installer doesn't download macOS from the Internet, but it does require the Internet to get information specific to your Mac model, such as firmware updates. If you need to connect to a Wi-Fi network, use the Wi-Fi menu in the menu bar.
- Select Install macOS (or Install OS X) from the Utilities window, then click Continue and follow the onscreen instructions.
For more information about the
createinstallmedia command and the arguments that you can use with it, make sure that the macOS installer is in your Applications folder, then enter this path in Terminal:
Download Mac Terminal For Windows 7